You can have your weed or you can have your discharge — But you can’t have both.


Medical marijuana caregivers may face a tough choice – your pot or your house

The Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of Michigan issued a decision today that may leave Michigan Medical Marijuana caregivers in a tough position – having to choose between obtaining relief under the bankruptcy code, or continuing to grow and distribute marijuana in compliance with state law.

In a recently-filed Chapter 13 case, the debtor operated a business growing and distributing medical marijuana from his home in Michigan.  Unfortunately, his honesty about his activities drew some attention from the Department of Justice, which filed a motion to dismiss his case.  The bankruptcy judge found that, because his business is illegal under federal law, he could not continue both his bankruptcy and his business.

The debtor even offered to keep his business earnings separate from the bankruptcy, and use only his social security benefits to make payments under his repayment plan.  But the court was of the opinion that allowing the debtor to continue his business would make the Court a party to violations of federal criminal law.  Ultimately, the court put a hard choice before the debtor: forego bankruptcy relief and continue to operate his medical marijuana business, or immediately cease operations and destroy all of his plants, inventory, and equipment.

People usually don’t consider filing bankruptcy unless they are caught between a rock and a hard place.  Today, the Court has made the decision to file especially difficult for medical marijuana growers.  Filing bankruptcy requires total honesty with the Court, but telling the truth might get you in legal trouble far beyond the financial difficulties already faced by many Michigan residents.


Whether you are registered under the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act or not, if you are considering filing bankruptcy it is vital that you are honest with your bankruptcy attorney about everything.  The debtor in today’s decision was only afforded the opportunity to continue with his bankruptcy because he had been completely honest with his attorney, the Trustee, and the Court, regarding his activities.

The Court ordered that if the Debtor chose to continue to pursue a bankruptcy discharge, he must stop growing marijuana and must destroy the plants he currently has. However the Court did not specify how it must be destroyed, perhaps he could just burn it all…a little bit at a time…

If you’re a medical marijuana user who needs bankruptcy relief, wipe the cheetos dust off your fingers, take a shower, and then come see us to explore your options.

Why I wrote the letter…

I want to say thank you from the bottom of my heart to everyone who has had such positive things to say about the letter I posted to Dieseltec. The response has been overwhelmingly positive and it is heartening to know that businesses like the one at the center of this controversy are the exception and not the rule. That is not to say that all responses were positive. Many assumed that I must be homosexual because I support equality and treating everyone with dignity and respect. It is this idea that only gay people support gay rights that made me write the letter. You do not have to be gay to support equality, and until more heterosexual people stand up and let everyone know that treating people as less than equal is not acceptable, incidents like this will continue.

Among the emails I received yesterday was one from a former client who is homosexual. It is by far one of the most moving thank you notes I have ever received, and I have copied the pertinent parts below:

“Saw your open letter on facebook and really wanted to thank you for standing up.  Most people would not go on record like you have and it means so much.  My partner and I of 17 years get frustrated living in west michigan when I hear this kind of bigotry. I wanted to mention is during my bankruptcy, you and your office never made me feel like I had to hide who I was.”

No one should ever feel they have to hide who they are, life is difficult enough without having to pretend to be someone else. I truly believe that if everyone could just be themselves, we would probably have a great deal less depression, anger, and addiction in our society.

The post was certainly not intended to go viral, and I had no idea it would get this much exposure. It was written at 11:30pm at night when I couldn’t fall asleep and was reading the news in bed. For those who have just started following my blog because of this, I probably won’t be writing anything else on it but I do try to keep my posts fun and lighthearted so I hope you stick around for a while.

To Mr. Klawiter, should you read this, I hope you can change your views. I want to apologize for coming across as condescending, it was unbecoming of me. Like you I am a Christian, yet we have radically different views. I would just remind you what Jesus said  “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.” Christ exhorted us to love our neighbor (all our neighbors) as ourselves, and perhaps part of your views stems from not loving yourself. With that in mind I will leave you with a quote from my favorite author, David Foster Wallace, in the hopes that you can gain some wisdom from it and perhaps change the way you treat others.

“[I]if you can think of times in your life that you’ve treated people with extraordinary decency and love, and pure uninterested concern, just because they were valuable as human beings. The ability to do that with ourselves. To treat ourselves the way we would treat a really good, precious friend. Or a tiny child of ours that we absolutely loved more than life itself. I think it’s probably possible to achieve that. I think part of the job we’re here for is to learn how to do this.”

Have a Great Weekend Everyone. — Jeff

Dear Dieseltec…

This evening I was reading the news online and came across this story about Dieseltec, a local business that posted a message on their Facebook site proclaiming that homosexuals were not welcome and would be refused service. Our slogan is “Helping Good People through Bad Times” (for this let’s just say “Helping People through Bad Times” ) and boy oh boy Dieseltec, you are in for some bad times and will need my help. So here is my open letter to Dieseltec.

Dear Dieseltec:

     Allow me to introduce myself, my name is Jeffrey Mapes, and I specialize in bankruptcy law — helping individuals and corporations when things go wrong. I noticed your post on Facebook where you decided to alienate most of the general public by stating that you will refuse service to openly homosexual people. This is certainly an unorthodox business strategy, and perhaps it will work for you, but I get the feeling you will need a bankruptcy attorney pretty soon and I wanted to offer my services. Like you, I am white, male, Christian, a business owner, and a gun owner. Unlike you, I provide services to everyone regardless of their sexual orientation because it doesn’t matter to me — I hope this won’t be a deal breaker for you.

     If that upsets you, let me tell you a little bit more about our office to try and persuade you, The first thing you will notice is how friendly and compassionate the office staff is. Despite your inane, incoherent and just plain dumb comments, we know that everyone makes mistakes and we want to help you overcome them. They will also be more than willing to help you with some basic grammar that you seem to struggle with.

     If you still need more convincing, let me assure you that we will make certain that your bankruptcy petition is filed correctly and there are no errors. You stated in your post that you would incorrectly assemble a vehicle in order to prove a point. I want to let you know that despite the fact that I would love to prove a point to you about tolerance, I won’t compromise my standards of quality to do so. After all, I have to look in the mirror at the end of the day and if I didn’t do my best for everyone, I would have trouble sleeping. Perhaps you could give me pointers on how you sleep at night?

     Just a few other housekeeping items. While I certainly don’t encourage people to bring guns into my office, so long as you have the proper permit and handle it responsibly, you can bring your gun along. I would only ask that you refrain from menacingly stroking your weapon while you quietly sing David Allen Coe songs to yourself. I also think you have a deep and fundamental misunderstanding of the first amendment and how it works, but that is a long discussion and we should save that for when we meet in person.

     Well Dieseltec, I hope I’ve convinced you that Mapes Law Offices is the right place for you to file your bankruptcy. I would like to leave you with some words of inspiration from the dramatic film Billy Madison and I hope that you will take them to heart:

“What you’ve just said is one of the most insanely idiotic things I have ever heard. At no point in your rambling, incoherent response were you even close to anything that could be considered a rational thought. Everyone in this room is now dumber for having listened to it. I award you no points, and may God have mercy on your soul.”


Jeffrey D. Mapes

The Meeting of Creditors — What will happen?

The meeting of creditors is likely the only time you will have to set foot in any sort of court room during the bankruptcy process. It is generally a chance for a court appointed trustee to examine the bankruptcy petition, ask a few questions, and determine if there are any assets available in your case to distribute to creditors. While it is called the meeting of creditors, there are very rarely any creditors who show up.

At a meeting of creditors, if we have done our job right to that point, it will be the most boring thing you do that day. On the other hand, if you have an incompetent attorney, it can be a nightmare. Clients often get frustrated at how many documents we request from them before filing, but after the meeting of creditors they will often be amazed at how quickly and smoothly their meeting went compared to everyone else’s. The reason why our meetings go so smoothly is because we are thorough, we take our time, and we make sure we get things right before we file your case.

I took the liberty to go ahead and make a short informational video showing what a typical meeting of creditors may look like. I hope you enjoy it!

You Get What You Pay For

If you’re looking to hire the least expensive attorney to file your bankruptcy, I’m not your guy. You will find other attorneys who cost less, but as it is with most things in life, you get what you pay for. Our office spends $10,000 a year on continuing education because I believe it is an attorney’s duty to know the law, and never stop increasing their knowledge. I could sit here and rattle off reasons why you don’t want to hire the cheapest attorney, but I thought a few examples might better illustrate my point:

 Ferrari Car

DoctorDr. Nick




Hopefully that answers your questions. If nothing else, remember, if you hire the cheapest attorney you are probably hiring a juggalo, meth cook, or serial killer. Have a Great Weekend!

Dogs Explaining the Bankruptcy Code: Part I: Preferences

Welcome to the first installment of Dogs Explaining the Bankruptcy Code. As a bankruptcy attorney I love the bankruptcy code. I have five copies of it, and even keep one at home and one in my car. I think it is important for anyone considering bankruptcy to know and understand the bankruptcy code, but I realize not everyone is as excited about it as I am. So to aid in educating you about the bankruptcy code, and not put you to sleep, I have enlisted the help of some friends to make it more interesting. Without further ado, I present Dogs Explaining the Bankruptcy Code Part I: Preferences.

Preferences are a big issue for anyone considering bankruptcy. The last thing anyone wants to have happen is to get their loved ones dragged into their financial issues, and with the right attorney they can be avoided. Below is a common scene played out in my office that I hope will shed some light on the topic of what a prefrence is, what it means, and how to avoid them:















Mapes Law Offices is Proud to Announce the opening of a Holland location!



I am very proud to announce that Mapes Law Offices is opening a fourth location in Holland Michigan! Beginning April 1, we will be accepting new appointments to meet with potential clients in our Holland location located at 311 S. River, directly across form the public library in the Greenridge Realty building.

For quite some time now I have wanted to open a location in Holland because quite frankly, I think the citizens deserve a higher quality of Bankruptcy Attorney than is currently available to them. We are now the only Board Certified Consumer Bankruptcy Office in Holland and are looking forward to providing you with the experience and skill that a legal specialist can bring.

If you or someone you know on the lakeshore is having financial hardships, contact us today at (616) 719-3847 so you can meet with the best Bankruptcy Attorneys that Holland has to offer.

Bill Collectors want to steal your Grandma…




I have had a great deal of experience with bill collectors in my career as a bankruptcy attorney. I have had them threaten to kill a client’s dog, repossess a baby for an unpaid medical bill, and have people arrested. Those are all outrageous statements, but for the most part they are idle threats and just said for shock value. Bill collectors cannot throw you in jail, cannot beat you up, cannot just take your things without going to court and suing you first.

When a friend of mine posted a link to this New York Times story about nursing homes methods to collect on bills, I was shocked. Apparently it is quite common in the world of nursing homes for them to seek legal guardianship over a patient and all of their money when they cannot pay their bills. This would then give them the authority to pay themselves out of the patient’s assets, sell homes, liquidate retirement accounts etc… in order to recoup their money.

I really really hope that this isn’t the case for anyone out there, but if it is, a bankruptcy could help to stop the process. Pass this story along to anyone you know who may need help.

Free Income Tax Return Preparation!


Tax time is once again upon us, which means that once again you have to struggle through navigating the Tax Code to figure out how to fill out your tax return, or pay someone an exorbitant amount of money to do it for you. Well, this tax year, Mapes Law Offices is here to help you.

Not only am I an attorney, but I am also a licensed tax preparer with the IRS. Tax time is one of the busiest times for bankruptcy attorneys because people who could not afford to file earlier in the year now have their tax refunds. The problem is coming up with the money to file your return so that you can file bankruptcy. So we now have a special offer for our potential clients. If you sign up with our office to file your bankruptcy petition, we will professionally prepare your personal income tax returns absolutely free of charge!

Why go to H&R Block and pay them $300 just tile your return, and then pay bankruptcy attorney fees? Sign up with us and not only will you save money, but you will have a licensed attorney preparing your tax returns instead of a fast food worker who prepares taxes for three months of the year. This offer is for a limited time only, so contact us today and set up an appointment so that we can sit down, discuss your finances, and offer you the best financial advice you can get.  — Jeff Mapes

Despite Court Ruling, We will worry about your chapter 13 case so you don’t have to.

Yesterday the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of Michigan in Grand Rapids issued a ruling which struck a blow to bankruptcy attorneys who regularly monitor and maintain their Chapter 13 cases. While I strongly disagree with the Court’s ruling, I will respect and abide by the decision. For those interested, you can read the decision here:

At Mapes Law Offices one of the things that makes us different than other bankruptcy attorneys in Grand Rapids, Lansing, and Kalamazoo is that we regularly monitor the status of our chapter 13 bankruptcy cases to make sure that they are progressing properly and everything is going smoothly. We make sure that payments are properly made, that the trustee is properly administering payments, and that creditors are not trying to pull a fast one and get paid when they should not. Quite a bit happens on a monthly basis, that in itself is a rather small event, but could become a large problem if not caught early.

Yesterday the Court ruled that we cannot charge to monitor cases on a regular basis unless there are problems in the case that warrant it. I believe that monitoring in all cases is necessary to ensure that the cases do not become problem cases. The monthly charge for monitoring the cases would be roughly $35 per month to make sure things go smoothly. This does not mean that clients would have to pay extra, one of the great things about chapter 13 cases is that your attorney fees can come out of what the unsecured creditors would otherwise get. Basically, if your creditors were getting ten cents on the dollar, and your bankruptcy attorney submitted a petition to be paid more, your creditors would get eight cents on the dollar, but you would not have to pay any more than you were beforehand.

As a bankruptcy attorney, I believe it is my duty to make sure my client doesn’t need to worry about their case. When you choose our office to be your bankruptcy attorney I want your problems to become our problems, so you can stop worrying about money and get back to living your life. So despite the Court’s ruling, we will continue to monitor your cases though we will not be paid for it. Ultimately, your success is the most important thing, and as your bankruptcy attorney we will do everything in our power to make sure that you get a fresh start, that you can stop worrying about creditors, and that you can get your life back on track.

I didn’t choose to become a bankruptcy attorney for the money, I chose to become a bankruptcy attorney because I wanted to help the people in Grand Rapids where I grew up, I wanted to help the families I met in Kalamazoo when I was in college, and pay back the people in Lansing that helped me make my way through law school. You deserve the absolute best representation from your bankruptcy attorney, and that is exactly what you will get from our office, even if we don’t get paid for it.

— Jeffrey D. Mapes